when a blood vessel is atherosclerotic and is completly blocked it is? (Solution)

Atherosclerosis, often known as “hardening of the arteries,” is a condition that arises when fat (cholesterol) and calcium accumulate inside the lining of the arterial wall, resulting in the formation of a material known as plaque. Over time, the fat and calcium deposit in the artery narrows it, preventing blood from flowing through it.

What is it called when a blood vessel is blocked?

A thrombus or embolus is a blood clot that can partially or fully prevent blood from flowing through a blood artery. Oxygen may not reach the tissues in the affected location if an artery becomes blocked. This is referred to as ischemia.

What would happen if a blood vessel was blocked?

clogged arteries are caused by an accumulation of a material known as plaque on the inner walls of the arteries, which can be fatal. Arterial plaque has the potential to restrict blood flow or, in severe cases, completely stop it. Cardiovascular disease (heart attack, stroke, and even death) is significantly increased when arteries get clogged.

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What is an atherosclerotic obstruction?

Atherosclerosis is a condition characterized by the hardening and narrowing of your arteries as a result of cholesterol plaques forming on the inner surface of the arterial walls over time. Because your arteries get clogged, it might put your blood flow at danger.

What are the 4 stages of atherosclerosis?

Each of the following steps is included in the working theory:

  • Endothelial cell damage is a serious condition. There are several factors that contribute to the development of atherosclerotic plaques, including: lipoprotein deposition
  • inflammation
  • and genetic predisposition. The development of smooth muscle cell caps.

What distinguishes atherosclerosis from arteriosclerosis?

4 The distinction between arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis is explained below. Arteriosclerosis is a word that refers to the hardening of arteries and arterioles in general. Atherosclerosis is a multifactorial disease of the arteries that is caused by atheromas (clogged arteries). It is important to highlight that atherosclerosis only affects the aorta and its main branches in this case.

What causes atherosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis is a condition characterized by the thickening or hardening of the arteries as a result of the accumulation of plaque in the inner lining of the arteries. High cholesterol and triglyceride levels, high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, obesity, physical inactivity, and consumption of saturated fats are all potential risk factors for heart disease.

How is atherosclerosis diagnosis?

To confirm the presence of Atherosclerosis, doctors have a variety of diagnostic tests and tools at their disposal, including an angiogram (Arteriogram), cholesterol tests, a chest x-ray, a CT (computed tomography) scan, Duplex scanning, an echocardiogram, an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), and an exercise stress test (Exertional Stress Test).

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What happens if three arteries are blocked?

A heart attack (damage to the heart muscle) can occur when one or more of the coronary arteries become fully clogged all at once, for no apparent reason. If the blockage occurs more slowly, the heart muscle may produce tiny collateral blood channels (or diversions) for other coronary arteries in order to redirect the blood flow, resulting in the development of angina (chest pain).

What ischemia means?

What happens when your heart muscle does not receive enough oxygen is referred to as ischemia in medical terms. Ischemia, or a lack of blood and oxygen reaching the heart muscle, is the most common cause of heart failure. Coronary artery disease is most commonly brought on by a narrowing and/or obstruction in one or more of the coronary arteries (which supply blood to the heart muscle).

Can you live a long life with atherosclerosis?

As a result, serious health problems such as heart attack and stroke may occur. It is, nevertheless, possible to live a healthy life with atherosclerosis, and doing so is extremely essential. Plaque, which is composed of fat, cholesterol, and other chemicals, narrows the arteries and increases the likelihood of blood clots forming in the body.

What causes blocked blood vessels?

Which Factors Influence the Formation of Clogged Arteries? When plaque deposits in your arteries begin to accumulate, this is what causes them to get clogged. Plaque is often composed of a few different components, such as minerals such as calcium, as well as lipids and cholesterol. High cholesterol levels might contribute to the formation of plaques in the arteries.

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Can atherosclerosis be cured?

Broken pieces of plaque can get airborne and produce blood clots, which can result in a heart attack or stroke. There is presently no treatment for atherosclerosis, however statin medications and dietary adjustments can help to slow the progression of the illness.

What is the end stage of atherosclerosis?

Chronic kidney disease can occur if atherosclerosis causes the flow of blood to be slowed. This can eventually progress to end-stage renal disease, or complete kidney failure necessitating dialysis treatment. Rheumatoid arthritis is a disorder in which blood vessels in both kidneys get blocked, causing high blood pressure. Renal artery stenosis is the medical term for this ailment.

How serious is atherosclerosis?

Plaque hardens and narrows the arteries in your body over time. This reduces the amount of oxygen-rich blood that can be sent to your organs and other regions of the body. Atherosclerosis can cause major health problems, such as heart attack, stroke, and even death if left untreated.

What is the first stage of atherosclerosis?

Children as young as 10 years of age have been shown to have a fatty streak, which is the earliest stage in the development of atherosclerosis. This stage is characterized by the appearance of a yellow stripe along major arteries including the aorta and carotid artery.

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