what part of a vessel is must susceptable to develop atherosclerosis? (Perfect answer)

The coronary arteries are the most important locations for clinically significant atherosclerotic disease in humans, with development leading to atherothrombotic episodes and ultimately myocardial infarction (myocardial infarction).

What part of the blood vessel gets compromised in atherosclerosis?

The most commonly afflicted arteries are those in the heart (coronary arteries), neck (carotid arteries), and legs. A plaque can also be broken into pieces. If this occurs, a blood clot (thrombus) develops at the site of the rupture and prevents blood from flowing.

Where does atherosclerosis most likely occur?

Atherosclerotic coronary lesions, including thrombi, are most frequently found in the proximal coronary arteries: the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery is the most commonly affected, followed by the circumflex coronary arteries on the right and left sides of the body.

Which arteries are more susceptible to atherosclerosis?

According to current consensus [42], the coronary arteries are the most vulnerable vessels to atherosclerosis in the total human vasculature.

How does atherosclerosis develop?

Atherosclerosis is a condition characterized by the thickening or hardening of the arteries as a result of the accumulation of plaque in the inner lining of the arteries. High cholesterol and triglyceride levels, high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, obesity, physical inactivity, and consumption of saturated fats are all potential risk factors for heart disease.

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Which layer does atherosclerosis affect?

Despite the fact that atherosclerosis can damage all three layers of the vascular wall, lesions in the intima are more common than in the carotid artery.

Does atherosclerosis occur in veins?

Even while veins may function as arteries, once they are joined to the high-pressure sections of your circulatory system, they become susceptible to atherosclerosis and other cardiovascular diseases.

Which of these are factors that increase the likelihood of atherosclerosis quizlet?

Atherosclerosis can be caused by a variety of circumstances, including, but not limited to, the following:

  • High blood pressure
  • high cholesterol
  • elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), a sign of inflammation
  • diabetes
  • obesity
  • and other conditions Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Tobacco usage, including smoking and other tobacco products. A family history of coronary artery disease in its early stages.

Why are coronary arteries more prone to atherosclerosis?

A significant number of coronary arteries in the human body become blocked, making them more susceptible to heart attack and stroke. In part, this is due to the fact that there is a constant back and forth blood flow in the coronary arteries, as well as in the legs and the carotid arteries, all of which are prone to blockages.

What is the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis?

Marchand coined the term “atherosclerosis” to describe the link of fatty degeneration and vessel stiffness that occurs over time. These arteries are affected by this phenomenon, which is characterized by patchy intramural thickening of the subintima that impinges on the arterial lumen.

Which step occurs first in the process of atherosclerosis?

As a word to describe the relationship of fatty degeneration and vessel stiffness, Marchand coined the phrase “atherosclerosis.” Typically, this condition affects medium and large-sized arteries, and it is characterized by patchy intramural thickening of the subintima that encroaches on the arterial lumen.

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What is the initiating event in atherosclerosis?

As seen in Fig. 3, the deposition of LDL in the subendothelial matrix is a fundamental starting event in the development of atherosclerosis. It is more difficult to accumulate when the quantity of circulating LDL is elevated, and both the transit and retention of LDL are enhanced at the regions that are most conducive to lesion development.

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