atherosclerosis begins with damage to the lining of the blood vessel, which may be caused by? (Best solution)

Atherosclerosis is a condition characterized by the thickening or hardening of the arteries as a result of the accumulation of plaque in the inner lining of the arteries. High cholesterol and triglyceride levels, high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, obesity, physical inactivity, and consumption of saturated fats are all potential risk factors for heart disease.

Which layer of the blood vessel is most affected due to atherosclerosis?

The arterial wall is composed of three distinct layers: an outer layer of tissue (adventitia), a middle layer of muscle (media), and an inner layer of epithelial cells (intima); the latter is the layer most commonly affected by arteriosclerosis. The outer layer of tissue (adventitia) is composed of collagen fibers, while the middle layer is composed of muscle fibers.

Which risk factor can cause damage to the lining of blood vessels?

High cholesterol and triglyceride levels, as well as cigarette smoke, high blood sugar levels, and other variables, can cause damage to the endothelium, which lines the inside of the artery. High blood pressure, on the other hand, can be harmful.

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Which arteries can be affected by atherosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis may damage any artery in the body, including those in the heart, brain, arms, legs, pelvis, and kidneys. It can also affect carotid arteries, which provide blood to the heart and brain. As a result, depending on which arteries are afflicted, a variety of disorders may manifest themselves.

What disease is caused by plaque build up in the lining of the vessels providing blood flow to the heart muscle?

CHD (coronary artery disease) occurs when the primary blood arteries that supply your heart are damaged or become sick. Coronary artery disease is typically caused by cholesterol-containing deposits (plaques) in your coronary arteries, as well as inflammation in the arteries.

How does atherosclerosis affect the tissues?

Inflammation of the blood vessels that carry oxygen and nutrients from the heart to the rest of the body (arteries) causes them to become thick and rigid. This might result in blood flow to your organs and tissues being restricted.

How does atherosclerosis begin?

Despite the fact that the causes of atherosclerosis are multifaceted and not totally understood, it is believed to begin when the inner lining of the artery becomes damaged. High blood pressure is one of the factors that might cause harm. a high level of cholesterol and triglycerides (a form of fat) in the bloodstream

How does atherosclerosis affect the flow of blood through the body quizlet?

What is atherosclerosis and how does it manifest itself? Atherosclerosis, often known as “hardening of the arteries,” is a condition that arises when fat (cholesterol) and calcium accumulate inside the lining of the arterial wall, resulting in the formation of a material known as plaque. Over time, the fat and calcium deposit in the artery narrows it, preventing blood from flowing through it.

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What are 3 modifiable risk factors for atherosclerosis?

There are several risk factors for atherosclerosis that may be modified, including the following:

  • High cholesterol and high triglyceride levels, notably those associated with hereditary lipoprotein disorders.
  • Dyslipidemia The following conditions are present: diabetes, hypertension, obesity (abdominal obesity), psychosocial stress, and a sedentary lifestyle and/or lack of physical activity.

What organ would arteriosclerosis mainly affect?

Atherosclerosis is a disease that affects the medium- and large-sized arteries of the brain, heart, kidneys, and other important organs, as well as the legs and feet. There are other types of arteriosclerosis, but this one is the most significant and most frequent.

When does atherosclerosis start?

cardiologist Matthew Sorrentino MD, a professor at The University of Chicago Medicine, believes that atherosclerosis normally begins in the adolescent and early twenties and that by the thirties most people have noticeable abnormalities in their hearts. It is possible that your heart-related screening tests, such as cholesterol checks, will still come back normal in the early stages.

What is atherosclerosis aorta?

Atherosclerosis (pronounced “ath-uh-roh-skluh-ROH-sis”) of the aorta is a condition in which a substance termed plaque (consisting primarily of fat and calcium) has formed on the interior wall of a big blood artery known as the aorta. This development of plaque is referred to as “hardening of the arteries” in certain circles.

What are the 4 stages of atherosclerosis?

Each of the following steps is included in the working theory:

  • Endothelial cell damage is a serious condition. There are several factors that contribute to the development of atherosclerotic plaques, including: lipoprotein deposition
  • inflammation
  • and genetic predisposition. The development of smooth muscle cell caps.
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What causes atherosclerosis plaque?

Atherosclerosis is a condition characterized by the thickening or hardening of the arteries as a result of the accumulation of plaque in the inner lining of the arteries. High cholesterol and triglyceride levels, high blood pressure, smoking, diabetes, obesity, physical inactivity, and consumption of saturated fats are all potential risk factors for heart disease.

How does atherosclerosis affect blood pressure?

The Mechanism through which High Blood Pressure Causes Atherosclerosis. When your heart beats, it pumps blood through the arteries throughout your whole body, allowing it to function properly. Higher blood pressure causes arteries throughout the body to expand and strain more than they would ordinarily do with each heartbeat.

How does inflammation cause atherosclerosis?

What Causes Atherosclerosis in People With High Blood Pressure? When your heart beats, it pumps blood through the arteries throughout your entire body, allowing you to live longer. Because of high blood pressure, arteries throughout the body expand and stretch more than they would naturally with each heartbeat.

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